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Finding Aid for the Sophie Elizabeth Halliday Oil Industry Photograph Collection

Sophie Elizabeth Halliday Oil Industry Photograph Collection

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Finding Aid for the Sophie Elizabeth Halliday Oil Industry Photograph Collection, 1903-1940

Profile Description

Creation: 2012 July 23. Encoded in Exchanger XML Editor by Tyrrell Historical Library staff.

Descriptive Summary

Repository:Tyrrell Historical Library, Beaumont Public Libraries, 695 Pearl St, Beaumont, TX 77701
Creator:Halliday, H.J. (Herbert Judson), 1880-1968; Halliday, H.B. (Herbert Bonham), 1911-1963
Title:Sophie Elizabeth Halliday Oil Industry Photograph Collection
Extent:1 box, approximately 0.3 cubic feet
Creator Abstract:The Stella Oil Company was formed in 1906 by Herbert Judson Halliday. The 1940s photographs were created by Herbert B. Halliday, son of Herbert J., who was still associated with the Stella Oil Company.
Content Abstract:This collection consists of photographs from 1902 to 1904 related to the Hogg-Swayne tract, Flores gusher, and Batson oil field, all three once a part of Spindletop. Other images include an oil field fire at Spindletop that occurred between September 12 and 14 of 1902. In addition, there are a few images from the 1940s that show destroyed oil derricks of the Stella Oil Company after a Gulf storm struck the area. The oil derricks were situated on the original Hogg-Swayne lease.
Language:Materials are in English.

Organization of Collection

This collection is organized into 1 box with photographs numbered consecutively. The early (circa 1903) photographs are arranged (1-30) and the remaining images (31-42) are of the circa 1940 derrick destruction aftermath of Stella Oil Company. Due to the weight difference between the older card-backed photographs and the light-weight 1940s photographs, the latter are placed on top. Historical information will also be foundo on the top, inside the box.

Scope and Content Note

The collection includes portraits of people involved in the community at the time, either as visitors or citizens. The portraits include Fred Manley and "Shorty" Hasbrook, "Pappy" Grant, George Link and Albert Taylor. George Link later became a successful oil man in Oklahoma. It also includes photographs of equipment and buildings of Spindletop Avenue and other area oil fields, such as the first electric lift, operated by the German-American Oil Company; an air plant boiler room, an air plant power station, and oil derricks of the Heywood lease, Batson oil field and Spindletop oil derrick avenue. Oil derrick labor crews, a model rice field and a typical boarding house may also be seen in this collection.

Biographical Note

Joseph R. Caston (1849-1923) and Herbert Judson Halliday (1880-1968) formed a partnership when Caston, who had a three well lease in the Hogg-Swayne tract on Spindletop hill, went broke. Halliday paid $500 for a one-half partnership. Joseph Caston’s son, Alva Gray Caston (1877-1922), worked for David M. Caffall (1877-1942) whose wife was Stella (1877-1950). Joseph Caston bought out David Caffall, and then in 1907, David Caffall and Herbert Halliday bought out Joseph Caston and were partners in the Stella Oil Company.

Index Terms

Caffall, David McKinley, 1877-1942.
Caffall, Stella M., 1877-1950.
Caston, Alva G., 1877-1922.
Caston, Joseph R., 1849-1923.
Halliday, H.J. (Herbert Judson), 1880-1968.
Halliday, Herbert Bonham, 1911-1963.
Link, George.
Manley, Fred.
Taylor, Albert.
German-American Oil Company.
National Oil and Pipeline Company.
Stella Oil Company.
Carriages and carts.
Hotels and motels.
Petroleum--Equipment and supplies.
Petroleum--United States--Texas--Spindletop.
Batson oil field (Beaumont, Tex.)
Flores Gusher (Beaumont, Tex.)
Hogg-Swayne lease (Beaumont, Tex.)
Spindletop hill (Beaumont, Tex.)
Biographical notes.
Organization files.


Access Restrictions

No restrictions. The collection is open for research.


The library does not hold the copyright to most of its archival collections. The researcher must secure those rights when needed, including permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for complying with copyright law.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Sophie Elizabeth Halliday Oil Industry Photograph Collection, 1903-1940, AC-299, Tyrrell Historical Library, Beaumont, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Acquisition unknown.

Processing Information

Processed by Tyrrell Historical Library Staff.

Finding aid revised and encoded by Tyrrell Historical Library Staff, 2012 July.

Related Material

AC-299, Box 1, Sophie Elizabeth Halliday Oil Industry Photograph Collection, Tyrrell Historical Library.

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